Slouch hat - A good civilian slouch hat should have gross grain ribbon around the edge and crown of the hat. Found in black, dark and light browns. Remember your hat can make or break your impression!
Kepi- should be made in proper period fashion, with a leather or oil/paste board bill with or without chin strap- try to avoid the chin strap buckle as that is typically seen on federal forage caps. Try for civilian or federal eagle buttons. Avoid CSA or I buttons with the main body made of jean, cassimere or, sattinete in gray or browns.
Jones Jacket - Columbus Depot type, should have a gray body of Jean or Cassimere, with dark indigo dyed collar and cuff and an outside left breast pocket. The Jones jacket is documented to the 1st/4th MO and consists of a jean body in natural gray sheep’s wool with a brown cotton warp, cotton osnaburg lining, the collar and cuff are faced with Dark indigo Dyed kersey wool, the inside of the collar is cassimere of a gray wool and tan cotton, use either federal eagle, cast block I in red or yellow brass, or wooden buttons. The top stitching and construction of the jacket should be machine sewn with brown thread, with hand sewn button holes, sleeve attachment, left breast pocket top stitching, and cuff top stitching.
Columbus Depot type II - This jacket is similar to the Jones jacket and would be a good generic type. It should be made of Gray jean, or cassimere with an osnaburg lining, dark indigo dyed kersey is preferred for the cuff and collar. The main body can be hand or machine sewn however button holes should be machine sewn at minimum. , Use either federal eagle, cast block I in red or yellow brass, or wooden buttons.
Non-descript/ “Commutation” jacket - This type of jacket or Shell/roundabout should be used in small numbers however it is acceptable for use when a Columbus Depot (CD) type is not at hand. This jacket should be of gray to brown jeans, cassimere, or sattinete. With Cotton osnaburg or civilian shirting of plain or woven designs (Avoid printed patterns). The buttons could range from 5 to 9 and you can use civilian coin, good year, wooden, or Block I or Federal eagle. (Avoid CSA and script I buttons for this jacket.) This jacket can have shoulder straps or not. Try to avoid branch of service trim or piping. You are looking for a generic look with this jacket.
4 button coat - This coat is a good late war coat based off of the sack coat design not to be confused with a federal fatigue blouse! It should be made of Jeans in brown or tan, with wood, rubber, or civilian coin buttons.
Department of Alabama jacket - These jackets are made of either light gray/tan or natural wool jean, with a cotton osnaburg lining, and all have collars made of dark blue wool jeans, (dark blue wool on a brown cotton warp). It should have five wooden buttons and one exterior pocket on either the left or right breast (left being more common). You can have a small single belt loop or not, if so it should be shaped like shoulder straps and on the left side only. These jackets are thought to come from the depots operating at Columbus, Mississippi or Demopolis, Alabama with issuance starting in November of 1864 and are mainly documented to troops in and around Mobile, Alabama in 1865.
Civilian- made of different shirting material such as linen, muslin, or osnaburg. Avoid printed designs try for woven. Common patterns are checks and stripes (ticking).
CS issue- made of plain osnaburg typically found with one or two chest pockets
Richmond Depot pattern- with mule ear pockets preferably in gray or brown jeans. However correct Blue gray trousers could be worn.
Western theater - with side seam pockets also preferably made of jeans in gray or brown.
Civilian - Made in linen, jeans, cassimere, sattinete, or kersey wool. Can be a married or colors but try to stick with muted earth tones or indigo blues. When in doubt please ask and in most cases choose jeans before wool!
No plaids or modern designs please avoid trouser stripes unless approved by the Chain of Command.
Socks - Should be of cotton issue or wool hand knit civilian patterns. The cotton ones are cheep roughly $6 a pair. Not a bad price to be correct. The rag wool socks are not correct.
Brogans- These should be of documented Confederate issue, or English types. Civilian work boots or shoes are also authorized. Federal Brogans should be seen in minimal numbers. NO modern boots or shoes should be worn at any time.
Accoutrements: A good set of accoutrements/leathers will go a long way!
Cartridge box - cartridge box should be either a 58. or 69. Caliber box and tins are mandatory in either the single tin or double tin designs. The box can be used on the waist belt or a box sling. Do not install box plates unless approved by the Command (Box plates are rare and “typically” disappeared by these dates) also avoid brown (Russet) leathers- yes they did exist but were limited to certain depots.
1859 Enfield box – This box is imported and could have been issued at times with Enfield rifles. This should be correctly made. Avoid Rivets!!! Again should come complete with tins and you will need a sling.
Cap pouch - preferably a shield front or other Confederate documented pouch. Federal pouches are authorized. Again black in color
- English import in black or buff
Waist belt - There are a myriad of belts that can be used however the more common ones found during the period in question will be the:
- CSA rectangle Plain brass rectangle plate
- Bayonet scabbard - Should be of Confederate manufacture meaning sewn portion with a lead, brass or tin tip. Federal two rivet types are also authorized. Insure your scabbard fits your bayonet. Try to avoid seven rivet scabbards as they are typically found in late war photos.
- English scabbard with frog
- Federal two or seven rivet scabbard
Haversack - Confederate manufacture in either plain or oil cloth. Carpet haversacks should be limited. Properly hand sewn haversack can be had at reasonable prices and in some cases cheaper than the incorrect ones. Insure it is a documented design such as these:
- Henry Neal, Breathed’s Battery (cotton cloth)
- A.H. Bayley, Peyton’s Artillery (waterproofed canvas – two different haversacks)
- Unknown Georgia soldier (striped cotton)
- J.T. Jobson, 9th VA Infantry (waterproofed canvas)
- Yancey Dean, Co. B, Hampton Legion ( cotton)
Canteen - Confederate tin drum canteen is the most common seen in use by confederate forces. Also you may use a Wooden canteen just remember to take care of it. Federal canteens in either smooth or the “bulls eye” pattern with or without cover are authorized, these should be in limited numbers..Avoid stainless steel! Also for Federal Canteens jean cloth covers are preferred. Try to avoid sky blue covers- yes they did exist but in such small numbers that it is unlikely the units in the AOT would have seen them.
RIFLE: YOUR RIFLE MUST BE IN GOOD WORKING ORDER OR IT WILL NOT TAKE THE FIELD, ALL RIFLES SUBJECT TO INSPECTION BY THE COMMAND.
- 1853 Enfield 3 band in 58 caliber- This being the most preferred as the brigade is documented as having them.
- 1842 or 1816- Springfield’s
Blankets - A good blanket will go a long way!! This should be period correct and in the form of a Confederate issue, Civilian, and at last a Federal issue blanket. You get what you pay for here! Please consult a member of the company before buying!
Knapsack - It is not a requirement to have a knapsack however with quartermaster records of units within the AOT at this time the unit should strive for at least a 50/50 mix of knapsacks and blanket rolls. Avoid hard packs as they are typically seen early on in the war.
- Kibbler style pack- Single bag design with a removable harness and shoulder straps.
- English import (Isaac and Campbell)- Imported for use in the Confederate Army in large numbers
- Other single bag designs- such as the Pritchard
- Federal double bag knapsack- limited quantities
Eating utensils - Your going to need a basic set of fork and spoon and a good pocket knife can go a long way. The forks are typically 3 prong, with the spoons of tin or silver avoid stainless steel!!!
Ground cloth- preferably Confederate manufactured cloth with sewn or small brass grommets made of oil cloth. Federal Gum blankets are acceptable for use in small numbers.
Personal Items - Things such as pipes, tobacco, pictures, bibles, pencils, soap etc. are all good things to improve your impression however they should be the last thing you purchase.
THINGS TO AVOID!!!
WALKING DOWN SUTLER ROW EXPECTING TO GET EVERYTHING YOU NEED IN ONE SHOT! BEFORE YOU SPEND A DIME CONSULT A UNIT MEMBER.